Skin Care Information

Everyone is Exposed, Anyone Can Decrease the Risk
By Dr. Anthony Nikko – Board Certified Dermatologist and Cosmetic Surgeon

According to the American Association of Dermatology (AAD) one in five Americans will develop some type of skin cancer during their lifetime. Even though this may sound alarming to all, many can take the necessary precautions to avoid becoming that “one.” Taking care of your skin now rather than later and using skin care products can help to reduce your risk.

What is Skin Cancer?

Skin Cancer is produced by altered cells that begin to grow and divide uncontrollably. These malignant cells usually appear in the outermost layer of the skin, the epidermis, making the condition clearly visible and easy to detect at an early stage. Although there are different types of skin cancers, the most common are:

Basal Cell Carcinoma: this type of cancer develops in the basal cells of the epidermis and is the most common. The appearance varies from translucent nodules to red irritated patches or elevated sores that bleed. Though metastasis is rare, early detection and treatment can prevent any major damage to the skin.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma: this malignant type of skin cancer tends to develop in fair-skinned, middle-aged and elderly people who have been overly exposed to the sun. This type of cancer is more likely to spread, therefore early detection and treatment is highly important.

Melanoma: known as one of the most lethal types of skin cancer, it develops in the melanocytes cells that produce the pigmentation of the skin. It can appear in pre-existing moles or through new moles that turn malignant. Untreated melanoma has a 100% mortality rate; however, if detected and treated early, melanoma has a high chance of cure.

How to Prevent Skin Cancer?

Avoid direct sun exposure
Seek Vitamin D through nutrients instead of the sun
Stays away from tanning beds, the rays are more lethal than the sun’s
Apply sunscreen daily to exposed skin
Use protective clothing when outdoors
Pay extra attention near water, snow or sand as these reflect rays in a stronger form.

Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer in the United States. People of all skin types and ages are at risk. Dr. Nikko recommends yearly check-ups for patients with high risk factors and to see a dermatologist if there is a suspicious growth or mole.